Skullcap Root – An Intriguing Chinese Botanical

Now is a good time to share what I know about a plant called Scutellaria baicalensis, which is available worldwide in a wide variety of supplements, tinctures, and teas. The common name of this herb is Chinese Skullcap or Baikal Skullcap.

Although you might not have heard of Skullcap until reading this article, this plant has grown on the earth for ages, and it has numerous well-documented beneficial actions in the body.* It contains multiple potent compounds, some of which exhibit potent antioxidant activity, and some of which help down-regulate the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.*

The part of the Skullcap plant that has the most active medicinal constituents is its root, from which Skullcap extracts are made. Some Skullcap constituents aid in promoting sleep, which makes it even more awesome – because while it’s providing protective benefits while you sleep, at the same time it’s also helping the body strengthen immune function.*

As I often say, Mother Nature makes no mistakes. Before I share more information about this herb, I need to make one important distinction. There is also an herb called American Skullcap (Scutellaria lateriflora), which I am not discussing in this article. Today, I am discussing Scutellaria baicalensis. Although this plant is known by several common names, the most popular one is “Chinese Skullcap.”

Distinguishing between these two plants is important because some of you might be holding a dietary supplement in your hand and reading the label on it, and I want you to know which herb I’m talking about. Chinese Skullcap is not made in America – it’s grown and cultivated in several countries in Asia. Of course, both versions of Skullcap contain all sorts of beneficial bioactive constituents, and these components perform many positive roles in the body.*

In 2019, Chinese Skullcap extracts were studied in rodents and test tubes, and the results of these studies showed it had probable benefits for helping to maintain respiratory health.* One of the root extracts, called “baicalin,” was extracted from Chinese Skullcap and evaluated, and the researchers concluded that it was particularly helpful in supporting healthy immune function.*

One reason herbal constituents appear to work in supporting immune function is because they have a wide spectrum of activity, and therefore they can have a wide range of beneficial impacts in the body.* In other words, plant-based herbals have worked for centuries because they are not singular in focus – they have a shotgun effect, versus a single-bullet effect. Chinese Skullcap is recognized for having this so-called wide spectrum effect in the body*

The various studies of Skullcap root extract have concluded that, at least in some of the studies, its beneficial effects include the ability to down-regulate cytokine production, help maintain normal inflammatory responses throughout the body, and support healthy immune function.*

The Skullcap plant is gorgeous, with purple-blue blooms, and it withstands very harsh climates. You can see it in the image above. It’s very hardy, because it’s native to Siberia, Russia, China, Korea, and Mongolia. For many hundreds of years, practitioners of the medicinal arts have used various parts of the Skullcap plant to heal people, often without fully understanding its chemistry. Thanks to modern science, we now know how to extract the primary biologically active constituents and study them in the laboratory and in clinical studies.

Although there are more than just the following, I would suggest looking up online just three of the important active constituents in Skullcap:

1. Baicalin
2. Wogonin
3. Baicalein


Chinese Skullcap has been traditionally utilized as medicine for centuries. In China, the preparation is called Huang-Qin, where it is used for gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular conditions, circulatory issues, liver protection, immune function, respiratory health, and even for its neuroprotective effects.* Skullcap is also a strong antioxidant so it helps neutralize free radicals.* There are even some reports that Skullcap can support hair growth and vitality because it might stimulate the roots and improve scalp microcirculation.* I’m not so sure about that effect, however, I don’t want to completely dismiss it.

Various herbal extracts that have a long history of safe and effective usage should be considered at this time – when having healthy immune function is at a premium.* I believe Chinese Skullcap is one of them.* Please know that nothing I have shared about Skullcap is 100-percent conclusive, and you should never delay seeking medical attention if you believe you are sick. I am just providing information to you with my article, not advising you. My purpose in writing this article is to give you some information that is empowering. So consume it at your own discretion.

Because we all need some good news right now!

I hope that I have shared some intriguing good news. I believe if an herbal extract has this long of a history, and some solid research to support it, then why not ask your health-care practitioner about it?

Other Benefits
Before thinking about its use for healthy immune function, many individuals look to Skullcap for sleep support.* Just look at the name – it’s like a nightcap for your brain! That’s why many people traditionally use Skullcap to aid in restful sleep.* I would say it’s best taken around dinnertime or bedtime if you’re taking a normal dose. As for very low doses or teas, you could probably take that amount any time of day.

If you want to learn about some other herbs, you may be interested in these other articles I have written:

These Herbs Work Like Medicine

How to Make an Herbal Immune Tea

In Defense of Precious Elderberries

A few notes of caution...

If you take too much of an herb that works on the liver, it can hurt the liver. Too much of a good thing… as they say. So even though Skullcap is considered hepatoprotective, you must never take an excessive amount, nor take it if you have liver disease, without your physician supervising you.

Do not take or consume any natural medicine without your health-care practitioner knowing and advising you. Just because you read it here doesn’t mean it’s right for you. Also, there is not enough information to determine if this herb is safe for children. And Skullcap is not recommended for women who are pregnant, hoping to become pregnant, or nursing a baby.

Finally, as I mentioned at the beginning, there is a difference between American Skullcap and Chinese Skullcap. These are two different species with very different actions on the body. They are not interchangeable. The article I’ve written today and the research I have cited is only about Chinese Skullcap.

*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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